Jurisdiction And Precedential Effect

Jurisdiction And Precedential Effect

JURISDICTION AND PRECEDENTIAL EFFECT: The bankruptcy courts, and Bankruptcy Appellate Panel, are Article I Courts under the US Constitution. The district courts and courts of appeal are Article III courts. As such, the Courts of Appeal are not bound by the decisions of the bankruptcy appellate panel, but considers such decisions as advisory only. In fact, district courts and courts of appeal routinely perform a de novo analysis (considering the facts and law anew) of the Bankruptcy Appellate Panel’s findings. In re Silverman 616 F.3rd 1001 (9th Circuit 2010).

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Importance of Automatic Stay Part 2)

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Importance of Automatic Stay Part 2)

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Importance of Automatic Stay); When a debtor files for bankruptcy, 11 USC Section 362(a)(1) automatically stays any other judicial proceeding involving the debtor. The automatic stay “plays a vital role in bankruptcy. The automatic stay aids the debtor in getting a financial fresh start. The automatic stay is “one of the fundamental debtor protections provided by the bankruptcy laws.” The stay promotes stability of the bankruptcy estate for both the debtor and creditors. In re Schwartz, 954 F.2d 569, 571 (9th Cir.1992), cited in FAR OUT PRODUCTIONS, INC. v. OSKAR, 247 F.3d 986, 994-995 (2001)

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Damages for Violation of Automatic Stay)

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Damages for Violation of Automatic Stay)

Telecom provider violated automatic stat of 11 USC § 362(a)(6) by calling the debtors after they filed their bankruptcy petition and mailing a copy to the provider; and then, three months after the petition date writing to the debtors demanding immediate payment. This conduct justified actual damages, including emotional distress, punitive damages, and contempt sanctions.

IN RE FREELAND, Bankruptcy Case No. 19-32309-pcm7, US Bankruptcy Court, District of Oregon, filed 8/12/2020.

TRUTH IN LENDING: Inaccurate Credit Report 2

TRUTH IN LENDING: Inaccurate Credit Report 2

TRUTH IN LENDING: : If a consumer feels that the information in her credit file (i.e., information held by the credit reporting agency, but not necessarily sent to inquiring lenders or other agencies) is inaccurate, her ultimate remedy is to file a lawsuit pursuant to the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 U.S.C. Secs. 1681–1681x. To succeed in such a lawsuit, however, the Plaintiff will need to compile evidence. For example, the courts have held that “to state a claim under § 1681i [incorrect information in credit file], the plaintiff must show that the agency’s report contained factually inaccurate information, and that damages followed as a result.” Collins v. Experian Info. Sols., Inc., 775 F.3d 1330, 1335 (11th Cir. 2015) (“A `consumer report’ requires communication to a third party, while a `file’ does not.”); cited in Losch v. Nationstar Mortgage, LLC, 995 F.3d 937, 944 (Ninth Circuit, 2021). [Quotations reproduced as commentary.]

TRUTH IN LENDING: Inaccurate Credit Report 1

TRUTH IN LENDING: Inaccurate Credit Report 1

TRUTH IN LENDING: If a consumer feels that the information in her credit report (i.e., information actually sent to inquiring lenders or other agencies) is inaccurate, her ultimate remedy is to file a lawsuit pursuant to the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 U.S.C. Secs. 1681–1681x. To succeed in such a lawsuit, however, the Plaintiff will need to compile evidence. For example, the courts have held that “to state a claim under § 1681e [inaccurate report], the plaintiff must show that the agency’s report contained factually inaccurate information, that the procedures it took in preparing and distributing the report weren’t “reasonable,” and that damages followed as a result.” Cahlin v. General Motors Acceptance Corp., 936 F.2d 1151, 1157, 1160 (11th Cir. 1991); Nagle v. Experian Info. Sols., Inc., 297 F.3d 1305, 1307 (11th Cir. 2002). [Quotations reproduced as commentary.]

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