BANKRUPTCY LAW (Expansiveness of Automatic Stay)

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Expansiveness of Automatic Stay)

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Expansiveness of Automatic Stay): Automatic stay of 11 USC Sec. 362 applies to bar actions against debtor and against the bankruptcy estate. This automatic stay protects the debtor, as well as the assets of the estate, and creditors. Actions that are barred include religious actions, such as a Jewish tribunal set up as a cross-complaint against the debtor, filed in an adversary action. The synagogue could not pursue its religious action against the debtor as long as the stay was in place.

In re Congregation of Birchos Yosef, 535 BR 629 (2015); Bankruptcy Court, Southern District of New York

Photo Credit: Beth Din of Benghazi, 1930, Unknown author, Wikipedia

REAL ESTATE & BANKRUPTCY (Preferential Transfer)

REAL ESTATE & BANKRUPTCY (Preferential Transfer)

Whether a non-judicial foreclosure sale, carried out under State law in the 90 days to 1 year before bankruptcy, will be considered a “preferential transfer,” and therefore invalid, will depend upon many factors. The court must hear evidence regarding whether or not the foreclosing creditor received more in the pre-bankruptcy foreclosure sale than it would have received through the bankruptcy. The court cannot say, as a matter of law, that such creditors always receive more in a pre-bankruptcy non-judicial foreclosure than they would have received in the bankruptcy. Therefore, whether a particular sale is barred as a preferential transfer will be determined on a case-by-case basis.

In re: Buckskin Realty Inc., Case No. 1-13-40083-nhl, Adv. Pro. No.: 15-01004-nhl
United States Bankruptcy Court, E.D. New York filed March 26, 2021, interpreting 11 USC Sec. 547 and BFP v. Resolution Trust Corp., 511 U.S. 531 (1994).

 

BANKRUPTCY LAW Preferential Transfer: Serial Overdrafts

BANKRUPTCY LAW Preferential Transfer: Serial Overdrafts

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Preferential Transfer): The bankruptcy court abhors, and will seek to undo, what it considers a preferential transfer.

A debtor who paid off serial overdrafts to his bank within 90 days of filing bankruptcy made preferential transfers. The court reasoned that the bank already had the deposits, and was effectively receiving extra money, that it would have been barred from receiving HAD the bankruptcy already been filed. The trustee was entitled to receive reimbursement for the amount of the overdraft payments.
In re Agriprocessors, Inc., 859 F.3d 599, 8th Circuit 2017

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Discharge):​ Relief From Pre-Petition Debts

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Discharge):​ Relief From Pre-Petition Debts

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Discharge):​ A Chapter 7 Petition, and accompanying discharge, provide relief from pre-petition debts. The 9th Circuit Court of Appeal has stated:

A Chapter 7 bankruptcy discharge releases the debtor from personal liability for her pre-bankruptcy debts. . . . A discharge is the “legal embodiment of the idea of the fresh start; it is the barrier that keeps the creditors of old from reaching the wages and other income of the new . . .” If the debtor receives a discharge, the creditor will receive only its pro-rata share of the distribution of the property of the bankruptcy estate . . . . [Para.] Specifically, § 727 of the Bankruptcy Code  ;. . . “discharges the debtor from all debts that arose before the date of the order for relief.” 11 U.S.C. § 727(b). The Code defines “debt” as “liability on a claim.” § 101(12). “Claim” is defined as a “right to payment, whether or not such right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured, or unsecured.” § 101(5)(A). “This `broadest possible definition’ of `claim’ is designed to ensure that `all legal obligations of the debtor, no matter how remote or contingent, will be able to be dealt with in the bankruptcy case . . . .'” Boeing N. Am., Inc. v. Ybarra (In re Ybarra), 424 F.3d 1018, 1022 (2005).

 

BANKRUPTCY LAW: Relief From Pre-Petition Debts

BANKRUPTCY LAW: Relief From Pre-Petition Debts

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Discharge): A Chapter 7 Petition, and accompanying discharge, provide relief from pre-petition debts. The 9th Circuit Court of Appeal has stated: A Chapter 7 bankruptcy discharge releases the debtor from personal liability for her pre-bankruptcy debts. . . . A discharge is the “legal embodiment of the idea of the fresh start; it is the barrier that keeps the creditors of old from reaching the wages and other income of the new . . .” If the debtor receives a discharge, the creditor will receive only its pro-rata share of the distribution of the property of the bankruptcy estate . . . . [Para.] Specifically, § 727 of the Bankruptcy Code ;. . . “discharges the debtor from all debts that arose before the date of the order for relief.” 11 U.S.C. § 727(b). The Code defines “debt” as “liability on a claim.” § 101(12). “Claim” is defined as a “right to payment, whether or not such right is reduced to judgment, liquidated, unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured, or unsecured.” § 101(5)(A). “This `broadest possible definition’ of `claim’ is designed to ensure that `all legal obligations of the debtor, no matter how remote or contingent, will be able to be dealt with in the bankruptcy case . . . .’” Boeing N. Am., Inc. v. Ybarra (In re Ybarra), 424 F.3d 1018, 1022 (2005).

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Attorney’s Fees)

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Attorney’s Fees)

BANKRUPTCY LAW (Attorney’s Fees): Where Trustee brought, and lost, a claim for fraudulent transfer against the debtor, the debtor could be reimbursed its attorney’s fees under state (Alaska) law. The Trustee would have to pay the fees out of the bankruptcy estate. The case was decided in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal, but looked for guidance to the state law and the US Supreme Court. In re Good Taste, Inc., 317 B.R 112 (Bankr. D. Alaska 2004). This case apparently continues to reflect the law in the Ninth Circuit.​

 

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